In 1975, the legislature passed regulations requiring that all new automobiles and trucks have a catalytic converter installed as part of the emission system of the vehicle. The purpose was to decrease automobile pollution that plagued our environment especially in larger cities. As the population was growing and there were more drivers on the road, automobile pollution was becoming a serious problem. Smog was blanketing some cities and more and more people were developing respiratory problems as a result.
Catalytic converters were developed to aid in the transformation of automobile emissions into less harmful substances that would not negatively impact the environment. Usually, a catalytic converter is located between the engine and muffler. It appears as a cylinder with a honeycomb structure lined with a thin metal oxide. The basic premise of a catalytic converter was that it works by converting dangerous exhaust emissions of hydrocarbons and carbon monoxide to harmless carbon dioxide (a gas that you exhale when you breathe) and water vapor. As new cars came on the market, catalytic converters were required as standard operating equipment to improve the air pollution problems in the United States. Due to the precious metals inside the converters catalytic converter recycling was born.
For a catalyst to be effective and efficient, it was necessary for a small amount of platinum, palladium or other precious metals to be coated on the pellets of aluminum oxide. These key ingredients bring about the catalyst activity converting carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons into harmless water vapor and carbon dioxide. Metals that could tolerate high temperatures were needed and these two metals meet the specifications. Less than one tenth of an ounce of platinum and palladium are deposited on the converter.
Catalytic converters are engineered to last the life of the car, but unfortunately as with any mechanical device, they sometimes go out and must be replaced. But the good news is that there are many companies that will pay for your scrap catalytic converter for the precious metals contained in the converter as they can be extracted by professionals. These metals are more precious than gold and are highly sought by recyclers. The price paid for scrap converters will fluctuate based on market prices and the type of converter for sale. Some converters contain more precious metals than others.
This type of recycling is ideal for the environment. Our landfills are not being overfilled, and individuals are receiving compensation for scrap converters. Everyone benefits from recycling and protecting the environment thus improving our air quality.